[881] - Root Water Uptake: From Three-Dimensional Biophysical Processes to Macroscopic Modeling Approaches

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Javaux, M., Couvreur, V., Vanderborght, J., Vereecken, H., 2013. Root Water Uptake: From Three-Dimensional Biophysical Processes to Macroscopic Modeling Approaches. Vadose Zone Journal, 12 (4), 1 - 16. DOI: 10.2136/vzj2013.02.0042.
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Title(s):Main Title: Root Water Uptake: From Three-Dimensional Biophysical Processes to Macroscopic Modeling Approaches
Description(s):Abstract: The process description of plant transpiration and soil water uptake in macroscopic root water uptake models is often based on simplifying assumptions that no longer reflect, or even contradict, the current status of knowledge in plant biology. The sink term in the Richards equation for root water uptake generally comprises four terms: (i) a root resistance function, (ii) a soil resistance function, (iii) a stress function, and (iv) a compensation function. Here we propose to use a detailed three-dimensional model, which integrates current knowledge of soil and root water flow equations, to deduct a one-dimensional effective behavior at the plant scale and to propose improvements for the four functions used in the macroscopic sink term. We show that (i) root hydraulic resistance may be well defined by the root length density but only for homogeneous lateral conductances and no limiting xylem conductance—in other cases a new function depending on the root hydraulic architecture should be used; (ii) soil resistance cannot be neglected, in particular in the rhizosphere where specific processes may occur that alter the soil hydraulic properties and therefore affect uptake; (iii) stress and compensation are two different processes, which should not be linked explicitly; (iv) there is a need for a clear definition of compensatory root water uptake independent of water stress; (v) stress functions should be defined as a maximal actual transpiration in function of an integrated root–soil interface water head rather than in terms of local bulk water heads; and (vi) nonlinearity in the stress function is expected to arise if root hydraulic resistances depend on soil matric head or when it is defined as a function of the bulk soil water head.
Identifier(s):DOI: 10.2136/vzj2013.02.0042
Citation Advice:Javaux, M., V. Couvreur, J. Vanderborght, and H. Vereecken (2013), Root Water Uptake: From Three-Dimensional Biophysical Processes to Macroscopic Modeling Approaches, Vadose Zone Journal, 12(4).
Responsible Party
Creator(s):Author: Mathieu Javaux
Author: Valentin Couvreur
Author: Jan Vanderborght
Author: Harry Vereecken
Publisher:Soil Science Society of America
TR32 Topic:Vegetation
Subject(s):CRC/TR32 Keywords: RWU, Modelling
Topic Category:Environment
File Details
File Name:Javaux-2013-Root Water Uptake_ F.pdf
Data Type:Text
File Size:1925 kB (1.88 MB)
Date(s):Date Submitted: 2013-02-10
Mime Type:application/pdf
Data Format:PDF
Download Permission:Free
General Access and Use Conditions:According to the TR32DB data policy agreement.
Access Limitations:According to the TR32DB data policy agreement.
Licence:TR32DB Data policy agreement
North:-no map data
Measurement Region:None
Measurement Location:--None--
Specific Informations - Publication
Article Type:Journal
Source:Vadose Zone Journal
Number Of Pages:16
Page Range:1 - 16
Metadata Details
Metadata Creator:Katrin Huber
Metadata Created:2014-06-23
Metadata Last Updated:2014-06-23
Funding Phase:2
Metadata Language:English
Metadata Version:V40
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