[1680] - A model and measurement comparison of diurnal cycles of sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence of crops

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van der Tol, C., Rossini, M., Cogliati, S., Verhoef, W., Colombo, R., Rascher, U., Mohammed, G., 2016. A model and measurement comparison of diurnal cycles of sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence of crops. Remote Sensing of Environment, 186, 663 - 677. DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2016.09.021.
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Title(s):Main Title: A model and measurement comparison of diurnal cycles of sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence of crops
Description(s):Abstract: In this study, measurements of solar induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) at 760 nm (F760) are combined with hyperspectral reflectance (R) measurements collected in the field over agricultural crops in order to better understand the fluorescence (ChlF) signal of the vegetation. The ‘Soil-Canopy Observation Photosynthesis and Energy fluxes’ (SCOPE) model, which combines radiative transfer and enzyme kinetics of photosynthesis with turbulent heat exchange in vegetation canopies, was partly inverted to obtain model parameters from R taken over healthy (unstressed) crops during the growing season. Reflectance spectra between 400 and 900 nm obtained at midday on different days in the growing season were used to obtain pigment concentrations, leaf area index and leaf inclination. These parameters were then used to simulate diurnal cycles of half-hourly ChlF spectra, using measured weather variables as input. Three scenarios were simulated: (i) a constant emission efficiency of ChlF (at the photosystem level), (ii) a variable emission efficiency calculated per half hour with an electron transport, photosynthesis and ChlF model for the photosystem, and (iii) a constant emission efficiency that was set to a theoretical maximum value for fully blocked photochemical electron transport of photosystem II and minimal non-photochemical quenching. The simulations of the first two scenarios were compared to ChlF retrieved from field measurements in the O2-A band with the spectral fitting method in unstressed rice and alfalfa. This comparison and a sensitivity analysis showed that SCOPE reproduces most of the seasonal variability of SIF after tuning to R even if the ChlF emission efficiency is kept constant, and F760 values are mostly determined by chlorophyll content, dry matter, senescent material and leaf area and leaf inclination, whereas leaf water and carotenoid content had small effects. Diurnal variations in the ChlF emission efficiency at photosystem level were small in these crops. The simulations of the third scenario were compared to measurements of grass that was treated chemically to block electron transport and to provoke maximum ChlF. This comparison showed that the observed increase in F760 can indeed be explained by a change in the ChlF emission efficiency at the photosystem level. It is concluded that hyperspectral reflectance and the ChlF signal together can reveal both the dynamics of vegetation structure and functioning.
Identifier(s):DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2016.09.021
Responsible Party
Creator(s):Author: Christiaan van der Tol
Author: Micol Rossini
Author: Sergio Cogliati
Author: Wouter Verhoef
Author: Roberto Colombo
Author: Uwe Rascher
Author: Gina Mohammed
TR32 Topic:Vegetation
Related Sub-project(s):D2
Subject(s):CRC/TR32 Keywords: Fluorescence, Hyperspectral, Chlorophyll, Crop/s
File Details
File Name:Van_der_Tol_et_al_2016_JRSE.pdf
Data Type:Text
Size(s):15 Pages
File Size:2094 kB (2.045 MB)
Date(s):Date Accepted: 2016-09-16
Available: 2017-10-07
Mime Type:application/pdf
Data Format:PDF
Download Permission:OnlyTR32
General Access and Use Conditions:According to the TR32DB data policy agreement. Copyright: Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Access Limitations:According to the TR32DB data policy agreement.
Licence:TR32DB Data policy agreement
North:-no map data
Measurement Region:Other
Measurement Location:--Other--
Specific Informations - Publication
Article Type:Journal
Source:Remote Sensing of Environment
Number Of Pages:15
Page Range:663 - 677
Metadata Details
Metadata Creator:Marina Herbrecht
Metadata Created:2017-07-13
Metadata Last Updated:2017-07-13
Funding Phase:3
Metadata Language:English
Metadata Version:V42
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